The wine sector offers various opportunities for the implementation of the IBLC concept. Vineyard prunings can be valorized with simple and relatively inexpensive equipment for the production of solid biofuels in the form of chips or pellets. Large volumes of several by‐products are produced at wine industries that offer additional opportunities.
Grape pomace, for example, can be used as raw material for the production of bioethanol that can be mixed in fuel blends or exploited as biochemical. In addition, large volumes of wastewater are generated from the wine industry sector that can be used, along with pomace, as feedstock for anaerobic digestion and biogas production. Finally, tartaric acids can be recovered from lees that can be used as anti‐oxidant, food additives or in pharmaceuticals.
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